Amazing Technological Advances Part III

Today offers us a lot of technology. Of course, before today’s tech existed, there were an awful lot of technological advances that had to be made. Here are some of the more prominent ones from the last forty years.

1983 – Motorola releases its first commercial mobile phone, known as the Motorola DynaTAC 8000X. The handset offered 30 minutes of talk-time, six hours standby, and could store 30 phone numbers. It cost nearly $4,000.10

1989 – Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist at CERN, invents the World Wide Web. The Web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world. The first website at CERN – was dedicated to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee’s NeXT computer. The website described the basic features of the Web; how to access other people’s documents and how to set up your own server.

1990 – Quantum Computer Services, Inc., introduces Promenade, an online service offered with the IBM PS/1 computer. The home computer was introduced with a built-in modem and online services to provide families immediate access to live, interactive education and entertainment services. Quantum Computer Services eventually became America Online .

1991 – Linus Torvalds invents Linux. Torvalds, a student at the University of Helsinki in Finland, begins writing his own kernel. He started by developing device drivers and hard-drive access, and by September had a basic design that he called Version 0.01. This kernel, which was called Linux, was afterward combined with the GNU system to produce a completely free operating system.

1992 – Neil Papworth, a 22-year-old test engineer for Sema Group (now Airwide Solutions), sent the first text message on December 3, 1992, from his personal computer to the Vodafone network to the phone of Richard Jarvis. The text message read “Merry Christmas.” AT&T would be the first to offer the service in the US in 2000.

1993 – CERN puts an updated version of World Wide Web software into the public domain. CERN makes the release available with an open license to maximize its dissemination. Through these actions, making the software required to run a Web server freely available along with a basic browser and a library of code, the Web was able to flourish. 1994 – Katie Couric and Bryant Gumbel infamously stumble when confronted with their first email address on the Today Show. Bryant Gumbel asks “What is the Internet, anyway?” Jeff Bezos incorporates “Cadabra” on July 5th. A year later he changes the name to Amazon after a lawyer misheard its original name as “cadaver.”

1995 – Amazon.com goes online. Pierre Omidyar auctions off a single broken laser pointer via a site he’d developed, AuctionWeb, to see if it would sell. To his surprise, the item sold for $14.83, and an idea was formed. The company was soon renamed eBay, short for Echo Bay, the name of Omidyar’s consulting firm. eBay’s vision for success transitioned from one of commerce—buying and selling things—to become something far more significant. It thrived because it placed customer data at the heart of the business from its inception. “eBay was one the first websites of its kind and by giving people a high level of bargaining power, it completely democratized commerce. eBay has pioneered an e-commerce marketing revolution, particularly when it comes to utilizing customer data to deliver a more engaging, seamless online experience. From day one, they’ve used customer data to improve platform experience, and they’re only getting better at contextualizing their data sources. Its lesson to the Internet has been that success comes from continual data innovation.”

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